The causes of dry hair and scalp are most often interrelated. Environmental conditions have caused dry hair through overexposure to the sun and wind and the presence of minerals and chlorine in water used to wash our hair. Dry hair can also occur due to the result of swimming or bathing in pools and spas with chlorinated water, or hair treatments using perm chemicals, peroxide bleach, color developer, and hair relaxer chemicals. This can lead to uncontrollably frizzy hair or damaged hair.
The use of hard water for bathing can cause dry hair & dry scalp. Are you aware that hard water can trigger scalp eczema or dandruff, thinning hair, and dry flaky skin? You need to be careful when you go to a salon and have your hair treated. It could be possible that hard water is used.
Hard water has hair resistant to perming or coloring and may lead to hair loss. The water you use in washing your hair, scalp and skin comes from ground and surface water. Ground water comes from the well or from local treatment plant where water is derived from a well’s pumping water from the ground. The source of ground water is from rain passing through aquifers, which are layers of minerals. The acidity (pH below 7) of the rain increases the dissolving effect of minerals. The dissolved solids are found in the water when pumped above the ground and used to bathe. Surface water, on the other hand, comes from the water that is deriving from the surface source. This is water coming from river or lake. The surface water usually contains lesser minerals because the water has never been filtered down through the mineral layers.
Water hardness is determined by the level of calcium that is in the water either found naturally from the ground or put into the water by the treatment plant. While calcium is the element that determines hardness of water, there are many other elements in the water that affect the texture, volume, shine, control and health of hair. One of the minerals that effect hair dry and dry scalp is Calcium. Calcium is the mineral that determines hardness of water. Effects of calcium on hair are as follows:
1. Calcium makes the hair feel dry and weighted down. It can cause a perm to appear relaxed. Calcium that builds up on scalp can cause flaking, giving the appearance of dandruff.
2. Calcium can choke the hair at the mouth of the follicle causing the hair to break off. This enables the coating of the scalp resulting to blocking further new hair growth. This results in loss of hair and lack of hair growth that occur in all races including African Americans and can result in black hair loss by the nature of the breakage at the root of the hair during styling.
A great way to get rid of dry hair and scalp is to condition the hair. Add natural oils to your hair. These oils are great conditioning regimen to use before and after shampooing the hair. You may also use naturals like apple cider vinegar to get rid of dandruff and dry scalp. Most importantly, rinse your hair well and use the proper hair treatment for your hair to avoid having to experience dry hair and dry scalp.